June 14, 2024
Ear, Nose, and Throat Problems

The ear, nose, and throat are connected in various ways. These help us hear, breathe, and speak. These can suffer from a wide range of problems characterized by various symptoms. Some of these may be minor, while the situation can escalate leading to serious complications which sometimes require hospitalization. 

While these conditions may be frustrating, they can be easily treated or managed. We discussed some common ear, nose, and throat issues faced by most people with an ENT specialist in Islamabad, and here are some interesting facts about common problems we got to know. 

Otitis Media (ear infection)

It is one of the most common infections to occur in children. The eustachian tube may become infected, swollen, or clogged by fluid, or mucus. If infants suffer from such infections they may become more fussy, tug on their ears, or fail to respond to being called upon. 

Infection of the middle ear is characterized by ear pain, fever, loss of hearing, loss of balance, nausea, vomiting, and fluid discharge. Some minor infections may clear up on their own, while serious ones may require antibiotics. 


Tonsils are lymph-like soft tissues located in the back of the throat. Tonsils can cause health problems when become infected. 

Inflammation of the tonsils is known as tonsilitis. It is a common ailment in children. Brought upon by bacteria or viruses, it is the most common cause of inflammation in the throat. Symptoms may include difficulty in swallowing, sore throat, fever, and swollen lymph nodes. They may have a white or yellow coating on the tonsils, which is a major diagnostic factor. Your neck glands may also become swollen. 

Diagnosis may include proper physical examination, looking inside the throat with a torch, throat swabs, and CBC. At-home care and rest, gargles with saltwater, antipyretics, antibiotics, and sometimes surgery to remove the tonsils altogether. 

Hearing loss

Hearing loss is very common in children as well as adults. It may be genetically acquired or may occur due to various medical and environmental factors. Some medications may have hearing loss as a side effect. Loud noises, poor ear hygiene, and aging are other factors contributing to hearing loss. 

Hearing loss may be temporary or permanent. Temporary hearing loss may be due to ear infections. Permanent hearing loss may result from head injuries, meningitis, genetics, or noise exposure. Multiple types of hearing aids are available in the market to make hearing easy. Hearing loss may be of three types described below:

Conductive hearing loss

With this type of hearing loss, sound may be heard as very weak. It may be due to damage to the outer ear or disease. The sound waves are unable to reach the inner ear. 

Sensorineural hearing loss

Sound heard may be distorted or weak. Inner ear malformation or damage may cause this hearing loss to occur. Proper electric impulses that lead to hearing are not conducted. 

Mixed hearing loss

This is a combination of conductive or sensorineural hearing loss. 


Tinnitus, commonly understood as ringing in the ears, can be present in either one or both ears. The ringing may vary from person to person. It may also be constant or may be occasional. Damage to the internal ear may be the cause. Other causes include advancing age, allergies, tumors, diabetes, injury, or medications. 

Currently, there is no cure developed for ringing in the ears. Treatment may also depend on any underlying condition. Removing earwax removal may also reduce ringing symptoms. If some medication is the cause of your tinnitus, the doctor may change your medication. 


Associated with inner ear problems, vertigo is a type of dizziness that causes issues in the balance of the body. The organs that are responsible for the balance of the body are present in the inner ear. When these are damaged or affected in any way, they may cause vertigo i.e. feeling of spinning or dizziness. Some people say that their world is actually moving. 

If you have vertigo, you may also experience ringing in the ears, as well as nausea and vomiting. Treatment options include medicines, physical therapy for balancing, and sometimes, in severe cases, surgery. 


To sum it up, ENT issues are very common, yet very uncomfortable to deal with. It is also very important to seek help from a doctor if symptoms are unmanageable for proper diagnosis and treatment. 

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