January 29, 2023

The endometrium is the innermost mucosa that lines the uterus. The word “endometriosis” describes when endometrial tissue is found outside of the uterus. Endometriosis is a painful disease that affects 1 in 10 women worldwide. It is an illness that frequently goes undiagnosed and untreated, leaving many of its victims to suffer in silence.

You must read on to find out more about the condition and be able to advise others as well if they experience this illness. Medicare Cardiac and General Hospital is a good place to find renowned gynecologists for consultation.

Learn More About It

Endometriosis can result because small amounts of this tissue usually remain on the inside of your uterus after it has finished developing during adolescence. In some cases, however, pieces of endometrial tissue leave the uterus and attach to other areas of your reproductive system, like your ovaries or fallopian tubes. This misplaced endometrial tissue causes inflammation and pain as a consequence. With greatly varying manifestations, the disease can be very mild but also extremely painful for others with more severe symptoms.

Clinical Features

The symptoms can vary from mild to severe for different women. The most common symptoms are:

  • Painful periods and cramping 
  • Abdominal cramping and pelvic pain during periods while some women experience cyclic pain that lasts throughout the month, even when they are not menstruating
  • Painful intercourse
  • Painful urination or bowel movements
  • Infertility
  • Heavy bleeding
  • Bloating
  • Fatigue

Why Is Endometriosis So Difficult To Diagnose?

There are several reasons why endometriosis often goes undiagnosed. The symptoms often come and go. This can make it difficult for your doctor to diagnose endometriosis if he or she only sees you once every few months.

An estimated 6 out of 10 women with endometriosis remain undiagnosed owing to its complexity. Diagnosis is derived after your doctor will need to rule out other possible causes of your symptoms. Unfortunately, there is no single test that can diagnose endometriosis.

How Is It Treated?

There is no one way to treat endometriosis, as each case is different and has different requirements. Treatment is usually symptomatic thereby depending on the severity of your symptoms.

Pain Management

If you are in a lot of pain, your doctor may suggest over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen or naproxen. You might also want to try a warm heating pad or take a hot bath.

Estrogen Therapy

Estrogen therapy can help with pain associated with endometriosis. It can also help with associated infertility.

Hormonal Birth Control

Birth control methods like the pill, patch, or ring are effective in treating the pain associated with endometriosis.


Surgery is often advised to treat endometriosis, especially if other treatments stand refractory to symptoms. This can include removing cysts, removing or repairing damaged tissue, or removing the uterus.While there is no cure for endometriosis, there are many treatments that can help manage the pain. If you think you might have endometriosis, it is important that you talk to your doctor about your symptoms so you can get the treatment you need. Refer to the Best Gynecologist in Islamabad here.

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